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FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

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Future Perfect Continuous

The Future Perfect Continuous tense looks at the past from the future.

How do we make the Future Perfect Continuous Tense?

The structure of the Future Perfect Continuous tense is:

subject + auxiliary will + auxiliary have + auxiliary be + main verb
invariable invariable past participle present participle
will have been base + ing

For negative sentences in the Future Perfect Continuous tense, we insert not between will and have. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and will. Look at these example sentences with the Future Perfect Continuous:

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

subject auxiliary verb auxiliary verb auxiliary verb main verb
+ I will have been working for four hours.
+ You will have been travelling for two days.
She will not have been using the car.
We will not have been waiting long.
? Will you have been playing football?
? Will they have been watching TV?
We sometimes use shall instead of will, especially for I and we.

Contraction with Future Perfect Continuous

In speaking with the Future Perfect Continuous tense, we often contract the subject and WILL:

I will I’ll
you will you’ll
he will
she will
it will
he’ll
she’ll
it’ll
we will we’ll
they will they’ll
  • I’ll have been driving for five hours.
  • She’ll have been watching TV.

In negative sentences, we may contract with won’t, like this:

I will not I won’t
you will not you won’t
he willnot
she will not
it will not
he won’t
she won’t
it won’t
we will not we won’t
they will not they won’t
  • You won’t have been drinking, will you?
  • We won’t have been driving for long.

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

How do we use the Future Perfect Continuous Tense?

The Future Perfect Continuous tense is like the Future Perfect tense, but it expresses longer actions or states extending up to some specific event or time in the future. For example:

  • Ram starts waiting at 9am. I am late and cannot arrive before 10am. Ram will have been waiting for an hour by the time I meet him.
Ram will have been waiting for one hour when I arrive.
past present future
Ram starts waiting at 9am.
9 10
I will arrive in future at 10am.

Notice that the long action or state can start at any time in the pastpresent or future, but of course it always ends in the future.

Next Monday we will have been living here for exactly five years.
past present future
next
Mon.
5 yrs ago

Look at these examples:

  • He’ll be tired when he gets here. He’ll have been travelling all day.
  • How long will Jo have been working when he retires?
  • Next month I‘ll have been studying Chinese for two years.
  • Will you have been working when I arrive?
  • He won’t have been studying long enough to qualify.
  • Next week Jane is going to swim from England to France. By the time she gets to France she‘ll have been swimming non-stop for over thirteen hours.

PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

12 Basic English Tenses

PAST PERFECT TENSE

Future Perfect Continuous Quiz

You can do this grammar quiz. It tests what you learned on the Future Perfect Continuous page.

1. My mom ________ for two days by the time I see her.

 has been travelling
 will have been travelling
 will has been travelling

2. They’ll be exhausted by dinner. They will have been _____ hockey for seven hours.

 playing
 played
 play

3. Will you ________ here for ten years by the time of the Christmas party?

 have been worked
 have to work
 have been working

4. It’s a 24-hour relay. They’ll only have been ________ for half the time by 6pm.

 ran
 run
 running

5. We ________ been waiting long.

 will not have
 have not will
 will have not

6. I ________ working for two years.

 willn’t have been
 won’t have been
 not have been

7. Won’t they ________ travelling for two weeks by then?

 have been
 had been
 has been

8. The teachers will ________ for a month by the time the deal is made.

 have been striking
 will strike
 will be striking

9. The films run all night. We ________ movies for six hours by the time the feature comes on.

 watched
 will have been watching
 will watch

10. She’ll still be groggy. She ________ undergoing surgery for three hours.

 will has been
 will have been
 will be have

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